Entries by kgugala

28.08.2020 – Stereotypes, prejudices and ethnocentrism

As it was previously mentioned, in 2016, “Forbes” published the list of the ten most desirable competencies on the labor market, among which was the ability to work in multicultural environment. Despite growing awareness of intercultural differences, various kinds of communication problems with people from other cultures often arise. One of the most frequently mentioned […]

12.08.2020 – Cultural differences: low or high cultural context

Apart from the differences described above, cultures can also be divided into low-context and high-context cultures. In low-context cultures, an interlocutor speaks frankly what they have in mind and feel and speak freely. A message is formulated directly, without “beating about the bush”. All the information is contained in the message and to understand it […]

05.08.2020 – Cultural differences: long-term orientation

Geert Hofstede, a Dutch sociologist, apart from cultural differences in the dimensions such as: power distance individualism – collectivism, masculinity – femininity, uncertainty avoidance also distinguished the differences between societies in the dimensions of long-term orientation – short-term orientation. Every society retains a link with the past while planning current and future challenges. What differentiates […]

28.07.2020 – Cultural differences – avoiding uncertainty

One of six dimensions of culture identified by Dutch sociologist Geert Hofstede is avoiding uncertainty. This dimension is related to the level of anxiety in society due to threats to the future in new, unknown and uncertain situations. Avoiding uncertainty, which is measured from weak to strong, is an indicator showing society’s attitude to uncertainty […]

22.07.2020 – Cultural differences: trust and distrust

Cultures can also be divided horizontally into the following: high-trust cultures: in the institutions of the state and its citizens towards each other and low-trust cultures. Cultures are also differentiated by the trust that individuals place in them. In cultures with a high level of trust people will trust themselves and institutions. In societies with […]

09.07.2020 – Female and male societies

Dimensions (features) of a culture are measurable aspects of phenomena, which determine important elements of national culture and allow to determine its position in relation to other cultures. Masculinity and femininity dimension illustrates the relationship between men and women due to their social and gender roles and the importance attributed to them. This dimension examines […]

29.06.2020 – Cultural dimension related to power distance

As we wrote before, cultures can differ in many ways, which are referred to as “culture dimensions”. These are areas or fields in which different cultures function differently. One of the dimensions differentiating cultures is the approach to hierarchy in a society and the attitude to authority, which is associated with a cultural dimension called […]